Concurrency Limitations

The most prominent issue in Cardano's deterministic model is the concurrency problem. This arises when multiple transactions simultaneously compete for the same set of UTXOs. This leads to bottlenecks when several transactions target the same UTXO, as only one transaction can be processed at a time for a particular UTXO.

As the number of users and applications on the Cardano network grows, the ability to efficiently process a large number of transactions and handle concurrent interactions becomes increasingly difficult.

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